Business Clusters Case studies Examples of Business Clusters

Examples of Business Clusters


Examples of Business Clusters and Technology Centers

Below you find a short list of Business Clusters and Technology Centers worldwide. Some of the different examples are linked with the correponding project website, so for further information, please visit the website different example.

This list just gives a brief introduction to some examples and should provide information for further reading.

  • Technopolis Innovation Park Delft, near Delft University of Technology, Netherlands
  • The Silicon Valley, in California in the field of computer technology
  • Copenhagen, Denmark for cleantech. Cleantech is a term used to describe knowledge-based products or services that improve operational performance, productivity, or efficiency while reducing costs, inputs, energy consumption, waste, or pollution.

  • Multimedia cluster Hilversum, Netherlands 
  • Bio-life science Cluster Leiden-Oegstgeest, in the Netherlands
  • High Tech Cluster, Eindhoven, Netherlands - Leuven, Belgium
  • Hsinchu Science Park, Hsinchu City, Taiwan
  • The Napa Valley wine-producing region in California
  • Bangalore, in India, for software outsourcing
  • Saudi Arabia, in the field of Energy in Dhahran Techno-Valley
  • Dubai, in the field of Semiconductors and Microelectronics in Dubai Silicon Oasis. Please click here for further information within Economic Geography.
  • Israel, in the field of wireless telecom companies in the Silicon Wadi region. For more information, have a look at: Israel’s Silicon Wadi: The forces behind cluster formation. Catherine de Fontenay and Erran Carmel, June 2002.

  • {googleads right} Bahrain, for Islamic Banking. Islamic banking refers to a system of banking or banking activity that is consistent with the principles of Islamic law (Sharia) and its practical application through the development of Islamic economics. Sharia prohibits the payment or acceptance of interest fees for the lending and accepting of money respectively, for specific terms, as well as investing in businesses that provide goods or services considered contrary to its principles. While these principles were used as the basis for a flourishing economy in earlier times, it is only in the late 20th century that a number of Islamic banks were formed to apply these principles to private or semi-private commercial institutions within the Muslim community.

  • Grenoble, in France, for Micro-Nano Technologies with Minatec
  • Paris, in France, for Haute Couture
  • Peterborough, in the UK, for Environmental Goods and Services
  • Aerospace Valley in Toulouse, in France, for aerospace
  • Oeiras, Portugal, for its Information Technology corporations, located mainly in Taguspark. Taguspark is a science and technology park located in the municipality of Oeiras, Greater Lisbon subregion, Portugal. In an area of approximately 3.6 km², 2 km² of which are occupied by the Park, there are several research and development labs, innovative startups and business incubators in a range of fields such as information technologies, telecommunications, electronics, materials, production, energy, environment, biotechnologies and fine chemistry. It has also partnerships with leading university institutions like the Universidade Técnica de Lisboa and its engineering faculty - the Instituto Superior Técnico (IST) which has facilities in the park.

  • Casablanca, Morocco, Technopark and Casa near shore parks. Casablanca Technopark is an information technology Business cluster complex located at Casablanca, Morocco. It was inaugurated in October 2001.

  • Kista Science City, outside Stockholm, known as The Mobile Valley, home of the telecom giant Ericsson was in year 2000 rated as the world’s second best location for IT and the new economy, by Wired (magazine). The construction of the industrial section of Kista began in the 1970s with companies such as SRA (Svenska Radio Aktiebolaget, now a part of Ericsson), RIFA (later Ericsson Microelectronics and now Infineon Technologies) and IBM Svenska AB (the Swedish branch of IBM). The number of employees in Eastern Kista now ranges between 25,000 and 35,000. Ericsson is headquartered in Kista since 2003.
  • The Silicon Fen in Cambridge, UK, for biotechnology and computer technology. Silicon Fen, sometimes also named as the Cambridge Cluster, is the name given to the region around Cambridge, England, which is home to a large cluster of high-tech businesses, especially those related to software, electronics, and biotechnology. Many of these have connections with the University of Cambridge, and the area is now one of the most important technology centres in Europe.

  • Antwerp, the diamond center
  • Rotterdam, the main European container port
  • Albany Tech Valley, in New York State, in nanotechnology
  • The Finnish Maritime Cluster. The Finnish Maritime Cluster is a cluster of companies in maritime industries in Finland. In 2001 the total turnover was estimated at 11.4 billion euros with 47,000 people employed in shipbuilding and related industries. More information are available on the website of the Finnish Maritime Society.

  • The New Jersey Life Sciences Cluster
  • U.S. movie production in Hollywood
  • The UK post-production industry in London's Soho district
  • The US automobile production plants concentration in Detroit
  • Farnborough Aerospace Consortium assisted by its collaboration work with Kingston University
  • {googleads left} London's financial sector, known as "the City of London" or just as "the City". The City is today a major business and financial centre, ranking on a par with New York City as the leading centre of global finance. In the 19th century, the City served as the world's primary business centre. The City has a resident population of approximately 8,000, but around 340,000 people work there, mainly in the financial services sector.

  • Surgical instrument manufacturing in Tuttlingen, Germany
  • Technologiepark in Heidelberg, Germany
  • New Mexico in nanotechnology, biotechnology, renewable energy and digital media
  • Research Triangle Park, in North Carolina, for high-tech and biomedical businesses and a center research and development. Research Triangle Park (RTP) is the largest research park in the United States. It is located near Durham, Raleigh, and Chapel Hill, in the Research Triangle region of North Carolina.

  • turisTEC, tourism technology, for companies of ICT applied to travel & tourism industries in the Balearic Islands
  • Motorsport Valley in the British Midlands. Almost all Formula One teams, and 1200 specialized suppliers, are located here.
  • Sportsystem in Montebelluna. Its 386 companies, 7,609 people employed and 73% of exports make the Montebelluna Sportsystem District the world leader in the manufacturing of technical sports footwear.
  • Eyewear district in Belluno, specialises in all sorts of eyewear products



A further list of technology centers is available at the website:

On this site a list of technology centers throughout the world is available. Governmental planners and business networks like to use the name "silicon" or "valley" to describe their own areas as a result of the success of Silicon Valley in California.


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